Render Passes

The Vulkan runtime code in Mesa provides several helpful utilities ot make managing render passes easier.

VK_KHR_create_renderpass2

It is strongly recommended that drivers implement VK_KHR_create_renderpass2 directly and not bother implementing the old Vulkan 1.0 entrypoints. If a driver does not implement them, the following will be implemented in common code in terms of their VK_KHR_create_renderpass2 counterparts:

  • vkCreateRenderPass()

  • vkCmdBeginRenderPass()

  • vkCmdNextSubpass()

  • vkCmdEndRenderPass()

Common VkRenderPass implementation

The Vulkan runtime code in Mesa provides a common implementation of VkRenderPass called vk_render_pass which drivers can optionally use. Unlike most Vulkan runtime structs, it’s not really designed to be used as a base for a driver-specific struct. It does, however, contain all the information passed to vkCreateRenderPass2() so it can be used in a driver so long as that driver doesn’t need to do any additional compilation at vkCreateRenderPass2() time. If a driver chooses to use vk_render_pass, the Vulkan runtime provides implementations of vkCreateRenderPass2() and vkDestroyRenderPass().

VK_KHR_dynamic_rendering

For drivers which don’t need to do subpass combining, it is recommended that they skip implementing render passess entirely and implement VK_KHR_dynamic_rendering instead. If they choose to do so, the runtime will provide the following, implemented in terms of vkCmdBeginRendering() and vkCmdEndRendering():

  • vkCmdBeginRenderPass2()

  • vkCmdNextSubpass2()

  • vkCmdEndRenderPass2()

We also provide a no-op implementation of vkGetRenderAreaGranularity() which returns a render area granularity of 1x1.

Drivers which wish to use the common render pass imlementation in this way must also support a Mesa-specific pseudo-extension which optionally provides an initial image layout for each attachment at vkCmdBeginRendering() time. This is required for us to combine render pass clears with layout transitions, often from VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_UNDEFINED. On at least Intel and AMD, combining these transitions with clears is important for performance.

struct VkRenderingAttachmentInitialLayoutInfoMESA

Pseudo-extension struct that may be chained into VkRenderingAttachmentInfo to indicate an initial layout for the attachment. This is only allowed if all of the following conditions are met:

  1. VkRenderingAttachmentInfo::loadOp == LOAD_OP_CLEAR

  2. VkRenderingInfo::renderArea is tne entire image view LOD

  3. For 3D image attachments, VkRenderingInfo::viewMask == 0 AND VkRenderingInfo::layerCount references the entire bound image view OR VkRenderingInfo::viewMask is dense (no holes) and references the entire bound image view. (2D and 2D array images have no such requirement.)

If this struct is included in the pNext chain of a VkRenderingAttachmentInfo, the driver is responsible for transitioning the bound region of the image from VkRenderingAttachmentInitialLayoutInfoMESA::initialLayout to VkRenderingAttachmentInfo::imageLayout prior to rendering.

Public Members

VkImageLayout initialLayout

Initial layout of the attachment

Because render passes and subpass indices are also passed into vkCmdCreateGraphicsPipelines() and vkCmdExecuteCommands() which we can’t implement on the driver’s behalf, we provide a couple of helpers for getting the render pass information in terms of the relevant VK_KHR_dynamic_rendering:

const VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo *vk_get_pipeline_rendering_create_info(const VkGraphicsPipelineCreateInfo *info)

Returns the VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo for a graphics pipeline

For render-pass-free drivers, this can be used in the implementation of vkCreateGraphicsPipelines to get the VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo. If VkGraphicsPipelineCreateInfo::renderPass is not VK_NULL_HANDLE, it will return a representation of the specified subpass as a VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo. If VkGraphicsPipelineCreateInfo::renderPass is VK_NULL_HANDLE and there is a VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo in the pNext chain of VkGraphicsPipelineCreateInfo, it will return that.

Parameters

info[in] One of the pCreateInfos from vkCreateGraphicsPipelines

const VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo *vk_get_command_buffer_inheritance_rendering_info(VkCommandBufferLevel level, const VkCommandBufferBeginInfo *pBeginInfo)

Returns the VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo for secondary command buffer execution

For render-pass-free drivers, this can be used in the implementation of vkCmdExecuteCommands to get the VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo. If VkCommandBufferInheritanceInfo::renderPass is not VK_NULL_HANDLE, it will return a representation of the specified subpass as a VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo. If VkCommandBufferInheritanceInfo::renderPass is not VK_NULL_HANDLE and there is a VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo in the pNext chain of VkCommandBufferBeginInfo, it will return that.

Parameters
  • level[in] The nesting level of this command buffer

  • pBeginInfo[in] The pBeginInfo from vkBeginCommandBuffer

Apart from handling layout transitions, the common render pass implementation mostly ignores input attachments. It is expected that the driver call nir_lower_input_attachments() to turn them into texturing operations. The driver must support texturing from an input attachment at the same time as rendering to it in order to support Vulkan subpass self-dependencies. To assist drivers, we provide self-dependency information through another Mesa-specific pseudo-extension:

struct VkRenderingSelfDependencyInfoMESA

Pseudo-extension struct that may be chained into VkRenderingInfo, VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo, or VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo to provide self-dependency information.

Public Members

uint32_t colorSelfDependencies

Bitset of which color attachments have self-dependencies

VkBool32 depthSelfDependency

True if there is a depth self-dependency

VkBool32 stencilSelfDependency

True if there is a stencil self-dependency

vk_render_pass reference

The following is a reference for the vk_render_pass structure and its substructures.

struct vk_render_pass

Public Members

bool is_multiview

True if this render pass uses multiview

This is true if all subpasses have viewMask != 0.

uint32_t view_mask

Views used by this render pass or 1 for non-multiview

uint32_t attachment_count

VkRenderPassCreateInfo2::attachmentCount

struct vk_render_pass_attachment *attachments

VkRenderPassCreateInfo2::pAttachments

uint32_t subpass_count

VkRenderPassCreateInfo2::subpassCount

struct vk_subpass *subpasses

VkRenderPassCreateInfo2::subpasses

uint32_t dependency_count

VkRenderPassCreateInfo2::dependencyCount

struct vk_subpass_dependency *dependencies

VkRenderPassCreateInfo2::pDependencies

struct vk_render_pass_attachment

Public Members

VkFormat format

VkAttachmentDescription2::format

VkImageAspectFlags aspects

Aspects contained in format

uint32_t samples

VkAttachmentDescription2::samples

uint32_t view_mask

Views in which this attachment is used, 0 for unused

For non-multiview, this will be 1 if the attachment is used.

VkAttachmentLoadOp load_op

VkAttachmentDescription2::loadOp

VkAttachmentStoreOp store_op

VkAttachmentDescription2::storeOp

VkAttachmentLoadOp stencil_load_op

VkAttachmentDescription2::stencilLoadOp

VkAttachmentStoreOp stencil_store_op

VkAttachmentDescription2::stencilStoreOp

VkImageLayout initial_layout

VkAttachmentDescription2::initialLayout

VkImageLayout final_layout

VkAttachmentDescription2::finalLayout

VkImageLayout initial_stencil_layout

VkAttachmentDescriptionStencilLayout::stencilInitialLayout

If VK_KHR_separate_depth_stencil_layouts is not used, this will be initial_layout if format contains stencil and VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_UNDEFINED otherwise.

VkImageLayout final_stencil_layout

VkAttachmentDescriptionStencilLayout::stencilFinalLayout

If VK_KHR_separate_depth_stencil_layouts is not used, this will be final_layout if format contains stencil and VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_UNDEFINED otherwise.

struct vk_subpass

Public Members

uint32_t attachment_count

Count of all attachments referenced by this subpass

struct vk_subpass_attachment *attachments

Array of all attachments referenced by this subpass

uint32_t input_count

VkSubpassDescription2::inputAttachmentCount

struct vk_subpass_attachment *input_attachments

VkSubpassDescription2::pInputAttachments

uint32_t color_count

VkSubpassDescription2::colorAttachmentCount

struct vk_subpass_attachment *color_attachments

VkSubpassDescription2::pColorAttachments

uint32_t color_resolve_count

VkSubpassDescription2::colorAttachmentCount or zero

struct vk_subpass_attachment *color_resolve_attachments

VkSubpassDescription2::pResolveAttachments

struct vk_subpass_attachment *depth_stencil_attachment

VkSubpassDescription2::pDepthStencilAttachment

struct vk_subpass_attachment *depth_stencil_resolve_attachment

VkSubpassDescriptionDepthStencilResolve::pDepthStencilResolveAttachment

struct vk_subpass_attachment *fragment_shading_rate_attachment

VkFragmentShadingRateAttachmentInfoKHR::pFragmentShadingRateAttachment

uint32_t view_mask

VkSubpassDescription2::viewMask or 1 for non-multiview

For all view masks in the vk_render_pass data structure, we use a mask of 1 for non-multiview instead of a mask of 0. To determine if the render pass is multiview or not, see vk_render_pass::is_multiview.

VkResolveModeFlagBits depth_resolve_mode

VkSubpassDescriptionDepthStencilResolve::depthResolveMode

VkResolveModeFlagBits stencil_resolve_mode

VkSubpassDescriptionDepthStencilResolve::stencilResolveMode

VkExtent2D fragment_shading_rate_attachment_texel_size

VkFragmentShadingRateAttachmentInfoKHR::shadingRateAttachmentTexelSize

VkRenderingSelfDependencyInfoMESA self_dep_info

VkRenderingSelfDependencyInfoMESA for this subpass

This is in the pNext chain of pipeline_info and inheritance_info.

VkAttachmentSampleCountInfoAMD sample_count_info_amd

VkAttachmentSampleCountInfoAMD for this subpass

This is in the pNext chain of pipeline_info and inheritance_info.

VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo pipeline_info

VkPipelineRenderingCreateInfo for this subpass

Returned by vk_get_pipeline_rendering_create_info() if VkGraphicsPipelineCreateInfo::renderPass != VK_NULL_HANDLE.

VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo inheritance_info

VkCommandBufferInheritanceRenderingInfo for this subpass

Returned by vk_get_command_buffer_inheritance_rendering_info() if VkCommandBufferInheritanceInfo::renderPass != VK_NULL_HANDLE.

VkMultisampledRenderToSingleSampledInfoEXT mrtss

VkMultisampledRenderToSingleSampledInfoEXT for this subpass

struct vk_subpass_attachment

Public Members

uint32_t attachment

VkAttachmentReference2::attachment

VkImageAspectFlags aspects

Aspects referenced by this attachment

For an input attachment, this is VkAttachmentReference2::aspectMask. For all others, it’s equal to the vk_render_pass_attachment::aspects.

VkImageUsageFlagBits usage

Usage for this attachment

This is a single VK_IMAGE_USAGE_* describing the usage of this subpass attachment. Resolve attachments are VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSFER_DST_BIT.

VkImageLayout layout

VkAttachmentReference2::layout

VkImageLayout stencil_layout

VkAttachmentReferenceStencilLayout::stencilLayout

If VK_KHR_separate_depth_stencil_layouts is not used, this will be layout if the attachment contains stencil and VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_UNDEFINED otherwise.

uint32_t last_subpass

A per-view mask for if this is the last use of this attachment

If the same render pass attachment is used multiple ways within a subpass, corresponding last_subpass bits will be set in all of them. For the non-multiview case, only the first bit is used.

struct vk_subpass_attachment *resolve

Resolve attachment, if any

struct vk_subpass_dependency

Public Members

VkDependencyFlags flags

VkSubpassDependency2::dependencyFlags

uint32_t src_subpass

VkSubpassDependency2::srcSubpass

uint32_t dst_subpass

VkSubpassDependency2::dstSubpass

VkPipelineStageFlags2 src_stage_mask

VkSubpassDependency2::srcStageMask

VkPipelineStageFlags2 dst_stage_mask

VkSubpassDependency2::dstStageMask

VkAccessFlags2 src_access_mask

VkSubpassDependency2::srcAccessMask

VkAccessFlags2 dst_access_mask

VkSubpassDependency2::dstAccessMask

int32_t view_offset

VkSubpassDependency2::viewOffset