Source Code Repository¶
Mesa uses Git as its source code management system.
The upstream Git repository is hosted on freedesktop.org.
You may access the repository either as an anonymous user (read-only) or as a developer (read/write).
You may also browse the main Mesa Git repository and the Mesa demos and tests Git repository.
Anonymous Git Access¶
To get the Mesa sources anonymously (read-only):
Install the Git software on your computer if needed.
Get an initial, local copy of the repository with:
git clone https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/mesa/mesa.git
Later, you can update your tree from the upstream repository with:
git pull origin
If you also want the Mesa demos/tests repository:
git clone https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/mesa/demos.git
Developer Git Access¶
If you wish to become a Mesa developer with GitLab merge privilege, please follow this procedure:
Subscribe to the mesa-dev mailing list.
Start contributing to the project by submitting patches. Specifically,
Use GitLab to create your merge requests.
Wait for someone to review the code and give you a
You’ll have to rely on another Mesa developer to push your initial patches after they’ve been reviewed.
After you’ve demonstrated the ability to write good code and have had a dozen or so patches accepted, a maintainer may use their discretion to give you access to merge your own code.
Pushing code to your GitLab account via HTTPS¶
Useful for people behind strict proxies
You can use personal access tokens to push over HTTPS if ssh does not suit your needs. In this case, create a token, and put it in the URL as shown here:
git remote set-url --push origin https://USER:TOKEN@gitlab.freedesktop.org/your~user~name/mesa.git
If you’re using Git on Windows you’ll want to enable automatic CR/LF conversion in your local copy of the repository:
git config --global core.autocrlf true
This will cause Git to convert all text files to CR+LF on checkout, and to LF on commit.
Unix users don’t need to set this option.
At any given time, there may be several active branches in Mesa’s
main contains the latest development
(unstable) code while a branch has the latest stable code.
git branch will list all available branches.
Questions about branch status/activity should be posted to the mesa-dev mailing list.
Developer Git Tips¶
Setting up to edit the main branch
If you try to do a pull by just saying
git pulland Git complains that you have not specified a branch, try:
git config branch.main.remote origin git config branch.main.merge main
Otherwise, you have to say
git pull origin maineach time you do a pull.
Small changes to main
If you are an experienced Git user working on substantial modifications, you are probably working on a separate branch and would rebase your branch prior to merging with main. But for small changes to the main branch itself, you also need to use the rebase feature in order to avoid an unnecessary and distracting branch in main.
If it has been awhile since you’ve done the initial clone, try
to get the latest files before you start working.
Make your changes and use
git add <files to commit> git commit
to get your changes ready to push back into the freedesktop.org repository.
It is possible (and likely) that someone has changed main since you did your last pull. Even if your changes do not conflict with their changes, Git will make a fast-forward merge branch, branching from the point in time where you did your last pull and merging it to a point after the other changes.
To avoid this,
git pull --rebase git push
If you are familiar with CVS or similar system, this is similar to doing a
cvs updatein order to update your source tree to the current repository state, instead of the time you did the last update. (CVS doesn’t work like Git in this respect, but this is easiest way to explain it.)
In any case, your repository now looks like you made your changes after all the other changes.
If the rebase resulted in conflicts or changes that could affect the proper operation of your changes, you’ll need to investigate those before doing the push.
If you want the rebase action to be the default action, then
git config branch.main.rebase true git config --global branch.autosetuprebase=always
See Understanding Git Conceptually for a fairly clear explanation about all of this.